Leopardus tigrinus is found primarily in South America with a small populations also occurring intermittently in Central America. It can be found as far north as. The little known Oncilla or Northern Tiger Cat (Leopardus tigrinus) is one of the small spotted cat species of South America also known as. Learn more about the Oncilla – with amazing Oncilla videos, photos and facts on Arkive.

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Help us share the wonders of the natural world. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. The Predatory and social behavior of domestic and wild cats It is active predominantly at night, but can also show varying degrees of diurnal activity.

Terms of Lekpardus – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational tugrinus only.

Gatto leopardo Prionailurus bengalensis – Gatto a testa piatta Prionailurus planiceps – Gatto rugginoso Prionailurus rubiginosus – Gatto pescatore Leoparsus viverrinus. The oncilla’s jaw is shortened, with fewer teeth, but with well-developed carnassials and canines. After an 11 year period as a “near threatened” species from tooncillas began declining once again in and were subsequently reclassified as “vulnerable”.

However, there has been no indication of mixing whatsoever between the two former single species.

To reassess its taxonomy is a research priority as the northern tiger cat might possibly be divided into two separate species. Another factor contributing to oncilla mortality is human expansion, settling what was once open terrain for wild cats.


Its population was estimated at 8, to 10, adult individuals.

Weaning occurs at two to three months and young are almost about adult body size at 11 months of age. If you are able to help please contact: From Ecuador and Peru, only few museum specimens exist and only in the species was formally confirmed in Bolivia through live-trapping. Accessed November 11, at http: We do not consider sexual differences i. Young oncilla kittens tend to purr, while grown oncillas have a vocalization described as a “gurgle” which is short and rhythmic.

In the Amazon, usually the safeguard region for the tropical American felids, the northern tiger cat occurs at an exceedingly low density of perhaps only 0.

Leopardus tigrinus

It may NOT be used within Apps. International Union for Conservation of Nature. The limbs are covered in randomly placed black spots, and the back of the ears are black with a white spot near the centre of the pinna. Neonates range tigrnus mass from 92 to g and can open their eyes between 7 and 18 days after birth.

Oncifelis tigrinus Felis tigrina. Molina’s hog-nosed skunk C. Mating occurs during early spring and gestation lasts for approximately 75 days. The tiger cat is a solitary felid. Although the international trade in furs has been heavily reduced, illegal hunting and capturing still takes place, mostly for the local market. Feeding starts on the head or neck.

No further information exists regarding parental care in oncillas. However, it is likely that the current Central American subspecies, leoardus Leopardus tigrinus oncilla, most likely comprises a different species too. Swift, B, Jorgensen, A. Sunquist and Sunquist, Perception Channels tactile chemical Food Habits Little information exists on the feeding habits of wild oncillas; however, their primary prey likely includes birds and small mammals such as rodents.


Melanism is common in both tiggrinus. Ingenetic research revealed that the former subspecies L. The Southwestern Naturalist 62 3: Both species present the same body measurements.

Most oncillas are completely weaned by 3 months of age, and young are completely independent 4 months of age. Teeth begin to emerge after 21 days which is later than leoppardus felines; however, teeth typically emerge all together, within a matter of hours.

Size ratios among sympatric neotropical cats. The northern tiger cat has a less conspicuously, thinly ringed tail. The oncilla resembles the margay and the ocelot[4] but it is smaller, with a slender build tigrinks narrower muzzle.

Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Although melanism has been documented in this species, albinism has not.

Southern spotted skunk S. Both tiger cats look very similar to the margay L. Coffee plantations are most often established in cloud forest habitats, causing the reduction of preferred habitats. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. The oncilla Leopardus tigrinusalso known as the northern tiger catlittle spotted catand tigrillois a small spotted cat ranging from Central America to central Brazil. Males are slightly larger than females and can weigh up to 3 leopards, whereas females generally weigh between 1.

CatSG: Northern tiger cat

There is also speculation that it may be found in some parts of Nicaragua, and Panama. Although oncillas are primarily solitary, occasionally a breeding pair may be documented. Central African oyan P.