Aeterni Patris, an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on Aug. 4, , which strengthened the position of the philosophical system of the medieval Scholastic . Aeterni Patris has 23 ratings and 7 reviews. In August , eighteen months into his pontificate, Pope Leo XIII (formerly Joachim Cardinal Pecci, bisho. AETERNI PATRIS (UNIGENITUS) — an encyclical letter proclaimed by Pope Leo XIII,. July 4, (Acta Leonis Papae R, , I ). The subtitle of the.

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Cajetan’s commentary on Sum.

The encyclical, however, was no surprise to any acquainted with Cardinal Pecci, who had for years been spearheading a Thomistic renaissance in the schools in his diocese of Perugia, leading to such theologians and philosophers as Reginald Garrigou-LagrangeEtienne Gilsonand Jacques Maritain. Philosophy has no part which he did not touch finely at once and thoroughly; on the laws of reasoning, on God and incorporeal substances, on man and other sensible things, on human actions and their principles, he reasoned in such a manner that in him there is wanting neither a full array of questions, nor an apt disposal of the various parts, nor the best method of proceeding, nor soundness of principles or strength of argument, nor clearness and elegance of style, nor a facility for explaining what is abstruse.

He was the first pope…. Wherefore, it is the glory of philosophy to be esteemed as the bulwark of faith and the strong defense of religion. Zigliara, a member of seven Roman congregations including the Congregation for Studies, was a co-founder of the Academia Romano di San Tommaso in Moreover, Philosophy complements theology in that true understanding and knowledge are better and more easily attained by those who join together philosophic studies with the love of faith and integrity of life.

From a mass of conclusions men often come to wavering and doubt; and who knows not how easily the mind slips from doubt to error? For the human mind, being confined within certain limits, patgis those narrow enough, is exposed to many errors and is ignorant of many things; whereas the Christian faith, reposing on the authority of God, is the unfailing mistress of truth, whom whoso followeth he will be neither enmeshed in the snares of error nor tossed hither and thither on the waves of fluctuating opinion.

Bonaventure, illustrious teachers of this faculty.

Aeterni Patris

For, the investigation of facts and the contemplation of nature is not alone sufficient for their profitable exercise and advance; but, when facts have been established, it is necessary to rise and apply ourselves to the study of the nature of corporeal things, to inquire into the laws which govern them and the principles whence their order and varied unity and mutual attraction in diversity arise.


His eternal power also and divinity; 9 and the Gentiles who len not the Law show, nevertheless, the work of the Law written in their hearts. The twenty-first paragraph of the encyclical continues the aetfrni of pxtris to St. Bulla Triumphantisan. In short, all studies ought to find hope of advancement and promise of assistance xiik this restoration of philosophic discipline which We have proposed. Since it was the work of the Scholastic theologiansaccording to the Encyclicalto unite divine and human sciencetheir theology could never have succeeded, as it did succeed, if their philosophy had not been a complete system.

Thomas, fearful least any of them should swerve even in the slightest degree from the footsteps of so great a man.

Leo asked especially for…. Thomas Aquinas Angelicum in Rome. Patrick marked it as to-read Apr 23, Luke Langley rated it it was amazing Apr 02, Quadratus, Justin Irenaeus, are counted among the early Christian apologists, who devoted their works to the defence of Christian truth against the pagans.

Jack Haefner rated it it was amazing Sep 28, But the truth unfolded by reason cannot contradict the truths revealed by God ; hence, although in the pursuit of natural knowledge philosophy may justly use its own method, principles, and arguments, yet not so as to withdraw from the authority of Divine revelation.

Thomism, the theology and philosophy of St.

Aeterni Patris by Pope Leo XIII

Hence, it was aetreni that systems patriis philosophy multiplied beyond measure, and conclusions differing and clashing one with another arose about those matters even which are the most important in human knowledge. Robert Appleton Company, The aim of the encyclical was to aid and advance the restoration of Christian philosophy, which had fallen into danger and disrepute by adhering to modern trends in secular philosophy, by urging a return to the scholastic thinkers of the Middle Ages, most especially the Angelic Doctor St.

The fact that revelation assists the philosopher in reasoning correctly does not detract from the dignity of the human intellect because wisdom is gained in recognizing the limits of reason. Thomas Aquinas, is followed by aeherni hortatory and encouraging remarks in paragraph My email address is webmaster at newadvent.

Aeterni Patris (Leo XIII)

Pointing to the Church Fathersthe encyclical shows how reason and science were used to call people to faith. The philosophers of old who lacked the gift of faith, yet were esteemed so wise, fell into many appalling errors. He was the oldest pope reigning until the age of 93and had the third longest pontificate, behind that of Pope Pius IX his immediate predecessor and John Paul II.


The Encyclical then shows how rational philosophy prepares the motives of credibility in matters of faithand explains and vindicates revealed truths. Gwenzhuzhu Chu marked it as to-read Apr 24, Thomas after was widespread in Rome and elsewhere.

Aeterni Patris | encyclical by Leo XIII |

There are no discussion topics on this book yet. These developments and contributions can be seen as a natural consequence of the aim of Aeterni Patris to bring faith and reason together in a fruitful dialectic. He was the first pope to never have held any control over the Papal States, after they were dissolved by And the Church built upon the promises of its own divine Author, whose charity it imitated, so faithfully followed out His commands that its constant aim and chief wish was this: Faith frees and saves reason from error, and endows it with manifold knowledge.

Thomas reached such sound and defensible conclusions. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Thanks for telling us about the problem. With his spirit at once humble and swift, his memory ready and tenacious, his life spotless throughout, a lover of truth for its own sake, richly endowed with human and divine science, like the sun he heated the world with the warmth of his virtues and filled it with the splendor of his teaching.

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That accounts for the unrelenting war which has been made against Scholastic philosophy since the Reformation arose. The following paragraph names Thomas Aquinas as the preeminent example of scholasticism.

But the chief and special glory of Thomas, one which he has shared with none of the Catholic Doctors, is that the Fathers of Trent made it part of the order of conclave to lay upon the altar, together with sacred Scripture and the decrees of the supreme Pontiffs, the Summa of Thomas Aquinas, patria to seek counsel, reason, and inspiration.

The Encyclical next shows, by extracts from many Fathers of the Churchwhat reason helped by revelation can do for the progress of human knowledge.

Philosophy represents the profane realm of natural truth whereas revelation represents the divine realm of supernatural truth.